sBone Grafting: Enhancing Your Bone Density And Volume


The alveolar bone is a part of the maxillary and mandibular bone that surrounds the teeth and forms the tooth sockets. It holds the tooth firmly in place providing anchorage and a strong foundation. However, gum disease, tooth removal, and trauma can compromise the height, shape, and density of the alveolar bone. But this can be reversed through surgical procedures like bone grafting. 

The Department of Oral Surgery in Shelby Township specializes in surgical procedures like bone grafting that help improve the integrity of your alveolar bone.s

What is bone grafting?

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that uses the transplanted bone to repair and rebuild the diseased or damaged jawbone. The graft material is extracted from your body, from a donor, or it could be synthetic. A bone graft helps to reinforce the weakened or lost alveolar bone that is responsible for stabilizing your teeth. It effectively counteracts the natural resorption of the jaw bone post-tooth extraction. This helps to preserve both your facial profile and your overall oral function. 

Why do you need bone grafting?

Bone grafting is usually indicated when there is bone loss in your jaw. The procedure may be recommended if you:

  • Need to get your tooth extracted
  • Plan to replace missing teeth with a dental implant
  • Need to rebuild the jaw before getting dentures
  • Having areas of bone loss due to gum disease

How is bone grafting performed?

Your dentist will examine your oral cavity and recommend several full-mouth X-rays to evaluate the exact height and thickness of the bone to determine the amount and type of graft material needed.

The procedure is as follows:

  • You will receive local anesthesia (a numbing agent) before the procedure, and your vitals (BP, heart rate, pulse) will be monitored.
  • The concerned area will be cleansed with an antiseptic solution. 
  • Your dentist will make a small cut or incision in the gums using a scalpel (surgical knife) to expose the bone. 
  • The gum flap is lifted and the bone material will be placed between two sections of the bone that need to fuse. 
  • The bone graft will be secured using special screws or adhesive material, followed by suturing the flap tissue.
  • It may take a few months before your jaw is strong enough to receive implants. 

Wrapping up

Jawbone loss is detrimental to your oral health and causes a domino effect of problems, including mobility, and tooth loss. Dental bone grafts help improve your candidacy for dental implants and other restorative procedures. 

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